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Sri - Lanka, a country which is mentioned in ancient religious texts of Ramayana, A land where King Ashoka sent his son for spreading the message of Buddhism, Mentioned in Sangam literature as “Eelam” and also known as “Ceylon” during British Raj. Sri-Lanka has very rich heritage in terms of culture, religion, trade and architect.
Now officially known as “ Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka“, it lies in the South Asia. an island nation neighbouring India, separated by Palk Strait and Gulf of Munnar. It has a very strategic location lying between Bay of Bengal and India Ocean in the South. It acts a harbour for shipping trade routes between Arab and South East Asia. Being a island country, Sri - lanka has been a point of interest since ancient till current political scenario. It has been link of ancient maritime Silk Route trade which was one of the most important trade route in human history.Currently it is part of Chinese OROB ( One Road - One Belt ) initiative.Even being a geographically separated country from Indian subcontinent, it is deeply connected culturally , religiously and historically with it. Sri - Lanka was a British colony till 1948. It achieve independence and proclaimed status of Republic and Democracy. But there was a ethnic turmoil, which led this beautiful and peaceful country into 30 years long Civil War, which ended in 2009. Currently Sri- Lanka is peaceful and has maintained political stability quite efficiently.
The peculiar thing about Sri -lanka is that .Colombo is the Commercial Capital city of Sri - Lanka. It is the political, economic capital of the country.Whereas The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo. It is also the largest city of Sri-lanka. Other major cities of Sri - Lanka are : -
The population of Sri - Lanka is 21,670,000 which is ranks 57th in the world according to population. Socially, ii is home to different religions,ethnicity and languages. Ethnically majority are Sinhalese, while minorities include Tamils, which are largest minority. Other minorities are Moors, Burghers, Malays, Chinese, and the indigenous Vedda are also established groups on the island. Majority of people follow Buddhism, Hinduism is second most following religion, while Islam and Christianity is also followed by Sri-lanka, though in minority. In a 2008 Gallup poll, Sri Lanka was ranked the third most religious country in the world, with 99% of Sri Lankans saying religion was an important part of their daily life.
Economically, Sri- lanka has been growing consistently. The countrys main economic sectors are tourism, tea export, clothing, rice production, and other agricultural products. In addition to these economic sectors, overseas employment, especially in the Middle East, contributes substantially in foreign exchange. As of 2010, the service sector makes up 60% of GDP, the industrial sector 28%, and the agriculture sector 12%. The Global Competitiveness Report, published by the World Economic Forum, has described Sri Lankas economy as transitioning from the factor-driven stage to the efficiency-driven stage and that it ranks 52nd in global competitiveness.
Other Important factors about Sri -Lanka : -
Colombo is the Commercial Capital of Sri - Lanka. Located in the Western part of country, it is a coastal city and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka. It is a mix of modern and old, with new modern architects and presence of Colonial buildings of British rule.The title of capital is earned during British period, which was retained even after gaining independence.Colombo is a multi-religious, multi-ethnic, multi-cultural city.
The geographical location of Colombo provides a strategic position, is it harbour serves to East - West trade route since ancient times. With huge maritime presence, it became a commercial capital of the country. The population of Colombo is 5.9 million, the largest in Sri - Lanka.It is not just a commercial capital. It is also a major tourist attraction among visitors. It offers colonial, religious and modern places for tourists.
Places to visit in Colombo are : -
The Infrastructure of Colombo is modern and affordable.It is connected with Railways, AIr and Road by majority of the country.Local Bus transport is available at very affordable cost for locals and tourists.Colombo harbour is famous for its length and amount of cargo it handles. It is one of busiests harbour in the world and ranks among the top 25 ports. The other facilities like Healthcare and education are very good in compare to rural areas and many Asian countries.
Sri - Lanka is one of the most sought after destinations for tourism in South Asia. International tourist come in huge numbers to visit this country. It offers many genres of experiences which caters to every form of tourists looking for something different. Sri - Lanka has many religious tourist destinations which would take anyone in state of Nirvana. History comes alive with colonial past and native structures. Wildlife enthusiast will never go disappointed as many natural forests are present which sustains wide flora and fauna.Beaches are of the best in the world famous among international travellers.
Sri - Lanka is well connected with all the global airports in the world. It is very easy access through major airlines. Majorly it has two International Airports : -
1.Bandaranaike International Airport - Also known as Katunayake Airport and Colombo International Airport. 20 miles north of the commercial capital Colombo.
2. Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport - Serving southeast Sri Lanka. It is located in the town of Mattala, 18 km from Hambantota.
Sri Lanka is a famous for tourist destination, but with growing economic prosperity and education, healthcare is gaining positive momentum. Tourists now experience Ayurveda and Naturopathy in Sri Lanka. Also there is quite a number of population who seeks medical treatment in India due to its affordable and quality healthcare.
High Commission of India, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Address :36-38, Galle Road, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Telephone : +94-11-2327587 , 2421605, 2422788 / 8
Website : www.hcicolombo.org/
Working Hours : 0900 to 1300 & 1400 to 1630 hrs,
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