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Health Tourism Myanmar (Burma)

Health Tourism Myanmar

Myanmar officially called as “Republic of Union of Myanmar”, mostly known by the name called Burma. To the world Burma is not much known as it has been under strict military rule since 1962 - 2011. Majority of world knows Myanmar with reference to Aung San Suu Kyi, the Nobel Laureate and Pagodas with Hot air Balloon in beautiful City of Bagan. But in true sense, Myanmar has to offer a lot in terms of Tourism, natural  resource, civilisation, history, people to people contact, democracy and outbound medical tourism.

 

Myanmar is located in Southeast Asia of Asian continent. It shared border with 5 countries, among which two are Asian Giants, India and China. India and Bangladesh to the West, China to North and Northeast and Thailand & Laos to the East. Being connected to sea, it has huge coastline, which amounts to one third of the country length, 1930 kms. Myanmar has access to Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, which gives is important strategic location in Bay of Bengal. The total land area is 676,578 square kilometers. The population is 54 million as per 2017. Myanmar has stable political relations with the neighbouring countries. With advent of democracy, it has opened doors, to global market and foreign influence.

 

Myanmar has civilization dated back to early centuries after AD. It has witnessed many Kingdoms during the its ancient rule till British rule. Few of them are Mon Dynasty, Pagan Kingdom, Taungoo Dynasty and Konbaung Dynasty. British started to assert control over Myanmar during 19th century and eventually fell to colonialism in the same century. Burma of British colony from 824 - 1948. During colonialism, it experienced many changes which includes social, demographic, natural and geographical.The major change that century long British rule brought was separation of Burma  from British India. In year 1937 Burma became a separately administered colony of Great Britain, after which World War 2 created conditions which ultimately led to the Independent Myanmar. After independence From the 1948, till year 1962, it saw the democracy, but after which a huge decades long Military rule till 2011 was established. The road to regain democratic rule was very long and difficult, faced with many crisis, revolutions and deaths. Finally Myanmar achieved the goal of democracy and has sustain successfully the values.

 

The social demography is developed with rich cultural assimilation and history. Majority of population practises Theravada Buddhism, followed by Christianity and Islam. Few people also follow Hinduism and old tribal religion. Healthcare is not much developed in Myanmar.Education is now growing among general population.

 

 Jade and gems, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources are the main natural resource of the country. Due to years of colonization, military rule, civil war, severe natural disasters, the Human Development has been worse. Myanmar ranks 145 out of 188 countries in HDI.Also due to rampant corruption, the the Income Gap is huge, to an extent being the among the highest in the world.

 

Myanmar part of International Groups.

  • ASEAN.
  • BIMSTEC.
  • EAST Asia 

Capital

The Capital city of Myanmar is Naypyidaw, also called as Nay Pyi Daw. The capital is entirely planned, and located at the center of the Naypyidaw Union Territory. In Burmese it means “Abode of the King”. It is one the biggest city and one of the most populated. The main centre of government seat. It has Supreme Court, Union Parliament, Presidential Palace, Headquarters of Military and ministries.The city covers an area of 7,054.37 km2 (2,723.71 sq mi) and has a population of 924,608, according to official figures.

 

Earlier capital of Myanmar was Yangon, the Nay Pyi Daw became capital in the year 2006. Many reasons are provided by different agencies for the building the new capital city. Military control, Yangons geographical constraints and safe from natural disaster are few of them. The ciy has been divided into specific zones.

  • Residential Zone.
  • Ministry Zone.
  • Military Zone.
  • Diplomatic Zone.
  • Hotel.
  • Shopping.
  • Recreation.
  • Landmark.

The capital city is also one of the few tourist attractions. Pagoda as most famous tourist attraction.

 

Major Tourism attractions in

Myanmar after the leap towards democracy, has gained considerable growth in tourism. Though, government has supported tourism since 1992, but it did not created huge impact and did not witnessed huge inflow of international tourists.Myanmar offer various attractions options for tourists.The main city Yangon and Mandalay. Religious sites are also one of the well known crowd pullers. Natural beauty is maintained, natural  trails are alluring points in Myanmar.

Yangon : - 

Formerly known as Rangoon, it is the largest city of Myanmar and also  the most famous.It is bouquet of Religion  and religion architecture - Gilded Pagodas, Colonial Architecture developed during British rule.It is the centre of Buddhists religion in Myanmar. Thousands of pilgrims visit these Buddhists places, primarily Theravada Buddhism.

  • Shwedagon Pagoda - Officially named Shwedagon Zedi Daw and also known as the Great Dagon Pagoda and the Golden Pagoda. The 326-foot-tall pagoda is situated on Singuttara Hill, to the west of Kandawgyi Lake, and dominates the Yangon skyline.
  • Sule Pagoda - Claimed being one of the oldest in Myanmar, built around the time of Buddha, more than 2600 years old, even before the Shwedagon Pagoda. The city evolved around this Pagoda and now it is downtown of the Yangon city. The most important part of this Pagoda other than its age is that it is holds an important place in contemporary Burmese politics, ideology and geography.
  • Chaukhtatgyi Buddha Temple - Main point of attraction is the reclining Buddha which 66 meters long. 
  • Yangon City Hall.
  • Bogyoke Aung San Market -  A huge bazaar,Famous for colonial architecture and cobblestone streets, it houses antiques, handicrafts, art galleries and other items, which is most catching point for foreigner travellers.
  • Botataung Pagoda.
  • Pansodan Street.
  • Tooth Relic Pagoda.

And many more local tourist attractions are present in Yangon. It is tourists paradise who seek religion, colonial architecture and local markets.

Mandalay :-

The former capital of Myanmar. Majority of Pagodas are tourists attractions. This city cultural and religious centre of Myanmar.

  • Mandalay Hill - The city took its name from the hill. Mandalay Hill is known for its abundance of pagodas and monasteries, and has been a major pilgrimage site for Burmese Buddhists for nearly two centuries.
  • Kuthodaw Pagoda - Built during Mindon kingdom, it holds world’s largest book.
  • Shwenandaw Monastery.
  • Bagaya Monastery - Also known as Maha Waiyan Bontha Bagaya Monastery. Its a beautiful monastery, The major difference is that Bagaya Monastery is built by Teak, it is 5 centuries old.
  • Hsinbyume Pagoda.
  • Zegyo Market.
  • Atumashi Monastery.
  • Shweinbin Monastery.
  • Kyauktawgyi Pagoda.

Religiou Sites :-

  1. Mon State - Famous blend of Indian and Burmese culture. Mon tradition holds the believe that the land is mentioned in the Edicts of Ashoka. King of 2 century BC.
  2. Pindaya - Major attraction are  limestone caves which are referred as Pindaya Caves.The most important part and the things that makes these caves different is that thousands of Buddha images have been constructed in these caves, and these images have been worshipped since centuries.
  3. Bago - formerly known as Hanthawaddy. Places of Interest are : - 
    • Shwethalyaung Buddha (Reclining Buddha)
    • Shwemawdaw Pagoda
    • Kyaikpun Buddha.
    • anbawzathadi Palace site and museum.
    • Kalyani Ordination Hall.
    • Mahazedi Pagoda
    • Shwegugyi Pagoda

Apart from Pagoda, Buddhism, religion and markets, Myanmar has beautiful nature to offer for tourism. It has nature trails and lakes which are now gaining tourist attention.

  • Inle Lake.
  • Kengtung.
  • Putao.
  • Pyin Oo Lwin.

Ancient cities are also a great visiting place in Myanmar.

  1. Bagan -  Located in Mandalay region, it is one of the most iconic place to visit in Myanmar. It was centre of Pagan Kingdom during 11 - 13th century. During this period  was the most flourishing period of Buddhism. It houses thousands of Pagodas and Monasteries. Bagan is also  compared equal with Angkor - Wat of Cambodia.The Bagan Archaeological Zone is a main attraction for the countrys nascent tourism industry.
  2. Mrauk - U -  Which also translates to “Monkey’s Egg” in Burmese. The is gained through mythological story . It’s an archaeologically important town in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar.

 

Airline Service

● Myanmar Airways International. Destinations - 8 ● Myanmar National Airlines. Destinations - 33.

Major international Airports

Yangon International Airport : - 

  • Address: Yangon Airport Rd, Yangon, Myanmar (Burma).
  • Code: RGN.
  • customer.service@yangon.aero 
  • Tele -  (+95) 1 533030

 Mandalay International Airport : - 

  • Address: Tada-U, Myanmar (Burma).
  • Code: MDL.
  • Customs: 24hrs; Tel: +95 2 87528
  • Immigration: 24hrs; Tel: +95 2 87426
  • ATC Tel: +95 2 87423
  • ATC Fax: +95 2 87300

 Nay Pyi Taw International Airport : - 

  • Address: Naypyidaw Union Territory, (Yelegwe), Myanmar (Burma).
  • Code: NYT.
  • Phone: +95 67 810 9111. 

 

Public Holidays

  • Independence Day
  • Kayin New Year
  • Union Day
  • Peasants Day
  • Full Moon Day of Tabaung
  • Armed Forces Day
  • Thingyan Water Festival
  • Myanmar New Year
  • Labour Day
  • Full Moon Day of Kasong
  • Full Moon Day of Waso
  • Martyrs Day
  • Full Moon Day of Thadingyut
  • Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone
  • National Day
  • Christmas Day
  • Kayin New Year
  • New Year Holiday

Medical tourism

Myanmar is among the country which spends least on the healthcare.Due to which public healthcare is negligible. Private healthcare is totally dependent upon imports from medical device till medicines. Hence the medical treatments are very costly. Also in tribal areas, people still opt for tribal medication.

 

Medical tourism is mainly outbound in Myanmar. Majority of patient traffic divert towards India, as India is one of main leader in medical tourism. Proximity with land is also main factor which allows the Myanmar population to seek affordable medical treatment in India.

 

Indian Embassy

Embassy of India, Yangon, Myanmar

Address: 545-547 Merchant St Kyauktada Township, Yangon Myanmar

Telephone: 95-1-388412, 243972, 391219 

Fax: 95-1-254086, 388414, 250164 

E-Mail: amb.yangon@mea.gov.in

Working Hours: 0930 hrs to 1100 hrs

  Climate of Myanmar (Burma)

The geographical location of Myanmar is between Tropic of Cancer and Equator. Rainfall is dominant in most of the region. Both Wet and Dry seasons are available.It lies in the monsoon region of Asia.

  Language of Myanmar (Burma)

Official language is Burmese. It is widely spoken and written. English is also used but only in urban areas. Majority of population does not speak English. Usually there are 4 major language families : - 1. Sino-Tibetan. 2. Tai–Kadai. 3. Austro-Asiatic. 4. Indo-European.

  Currency

Burmese Kyat is the official currency. It is advised to get currency exchange at airport or any other banks as foreign currency is not used.



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