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The official name of Kenya is called “Republic of Kenya”. The geographic location is exact below “Horn of Africa” which is Eastern part of Africa and on the line of Equator. The expansive land is surrounded by Tanzania to the South, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya is gifted with abundance nature due to location above Equator, including Savannah, Lakes, Wildlife, rainforests, flora and fauna. The physical land area of Kenya covers 581,309 km2(224,445 sq mi). The population is approximately 48 million. Mombasa is one of the oldest port city which is located in Kenya.
Kenya has rich prehistoric, ancient and modern history. It has witnessed many empires and states from Bantu expansion till British Colony in modern colonial times.it gained independence in year 1963 and remained member of “Commonwealth of Nations”. Kenya has done fairly in maintaining the democratic values and system after independence as compared to other African nations which witness long dictatorship and violence, though few years of authoritarianism and political violence, but majority years has passed in peace. Kenya witnessed political turmoil in 2007, which led to adoption of a new constitution.
The ethnic diversity is wide, resulting in many tribes spread across Kenya,Bantu and Nilotic populations together constitute around 97% of Kenyas population. Cushitic groups also form a small ethnic minority, as do Arabs, Indians and Europeans. According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS), Kenya has a total population of 38,610,097 inhabitants. The largest native ethnic groups are the Kikuyu (6,622,576), Luhya (5,338,666), Kalenjin (4,967,328), Luo (4,044,440), Kamba (3,893,157), Kisii (2,205,669), Mijikenda (1,960,574), Meru (1,658,108), Turkana (988,592), and Maasai (841,622). Foreign-rooted populations include Kenyan Arabs, Somalis, Asians and Europeans.
Kenya is also home to world’s largest urban slum called “Kibera”. But on the other hand, Kenya is also major economy in Eastern and Central Africa. Nairobi as its regional commercial hub. It’s economy is based upon Agriculture and Tourism. Agriculture exports are also major part of economy. Tourism is major contributor to economy after agriculture. With nature, ecotourism and wildlife Safari attracts the most. Kenya is a member of the East African Community trade bloc.Africa is Kenyas largest export market, followed by the European Union.
Nairobi is the official capital of Kenya. Nairobi got its name from the river which flows through the city. In Masai phrase “ Nairobi” means “ Cool Water “.Nairobi is also referred as “Green City in the Sun”.
Nairobi is a cosmopolitan and multicultural city. Nairobi has grown more than any other urban cities of Africa. It has The growth rate of Nairobi is currently 4.1% a year.It is estimated that Nairobis population will reach 5 million in 2025.
The population of 3.36 million in 2011, 2nd largest population after Dar-e- Salaam, Tanzania, in the Great Lake Region.It is also the 10th largest city of Africa. Nairobi has history started with British colonialism. It was established in 1899, as a rail deport, but later became important with growing economic trade and growing population. It has many international companies headquarters organisations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) and the United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON). It is famous for Skyline and tall buildings. It’s Upper Hill and Centrail Business District is commercial zones of the city.
Nairobi is gifted to have close geographic proximity with national park. Nairobi National park is bordered with nairobi city. This makes tourism one of the major businesses of its residentials. The park contains many animals including lions, giraffes, and black rhinos. The park is home to over 400 species of birds. Night life of Nairobi is quite famous among natives and international tourists.
Nairobi is well connected with Air, Rail and Road. Local transport is also available to travel. Matatu is quite famous, private operators owned minibuses. This is used mainly by the natives, as it cheap and fast.
Kenya’s geographical location has blessed it with abundance of nature and wildlife. Tourism in Kenya is varied, from Wildlife, tribe culture, Colonial architecture, Urban cities, National parks,great Lakes.Tourism is second most revenue generating source of Kenya and many people are directly or indirectly associated with it.
Urban Centres :
National Parks :
Kenya Airways is the national airline of Kenya.it majorly focus on regional connectivity within Kenya and Africa. Though it also fly to Asia, Europe and Middle East. But these are less in numbers. As being a major tourist destination, all major airlines operate in Kenya.
P.O Box 19001 (00501) Nairobi Kenya
Mobile: +254 722 205 061/2/3/4/5/6/7/8
Airport Phone Numbers -
0203577058, 0203577052, 0203577057,
0203577051 0726318515, 0726318516,
Airport Phone Numbers-
0728 765349/0728 765360/1
Airport Phone Numbers -
053-2061299/ 2063377/ 2063844
Medical tourism in Kenya is growing one. Many native patients travel to destinations like India for affordable and quality healthcare facilities and medical treatments, Wealthy middle class of Kenya usually travel for their medical treatment abroad. Kenya is among the highest medical travellers who visit Asian destination for medical tourism. India is among the primary benefactor of these medical travellers. Kenya cultural and colonial history is quite shared with India, which makes Kenya natives very easy and comfortable to visit India.
Equator passes through Kenya, this makes Kenya climate a tropic one. Majority period is rains. Heavy rains or The "long rains" season occurs from March/April to May/June, whereas the “Short Rains” season occurs from October to November/December. His best time to visit Kenya is during COld Season which is usually from July, until mid August. Summer climate is of short duration, restricted for two months, generally from February and March.
Kenya is a multilingual speaking country. British colonial past has created English a administrative and schooling language. Also in urban centers, English is spoken widely along with Swahili. Majority of population is English and Swahili speaking. Peri-urban and rural dwellers are less multilingual, with many in rural areas speaking only their native languages. There are a total of 69 languages spoken in Kenya. Most belong to two broad language families: Niger-Congo (Bantu branch) and Nilo-Saharan (Nilotic branch).
Kenyan Shilling is the Official currency. Though US $ also used in many places.
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