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Health Tourism Kenya

Health Tourism Kenya

The official name of Kenya is called “Republic of Kenya”. The geographic location is exact below “Horn of Africa” which is Eastern part of Africa and on the line of Equator. The expansive land is surrounded by Tanzania to the South,  Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya is gifted with abundance nature due to location above Equator, including Savannah, Lakes, Wildlife, rainforests, flora and fauna. The physical land area of Kenya covers 581,309 km2(224,445 sq mi). The population is approximately 48 million. Mombasa is one of the oldest port city which is located in Kenya.

 

Kenya has rich prehistoric, ancient and modern history. It has witnessed many empires and states from Bantu expansion till British Colony in modern colonial times.it gained independence in year 1963 and remained member of “Commonwealth of Nations”. Kenya has done fairly in maintaining the democratic values and system after independence as compared to other African nations which witness long dictatorship and violence, though few years of authoritarianism and political violence, but majority years has passed in peace. Kenya witnessed political turmoil in 2007, which led to adoption of a new constitution.

 

The ethnic diversity is wide, resulting in many tribes spread across Kenya,Bantu and Nilotic populations together constitute around 97% of Kenyas population. Cushitic groups also form a small ethnic minority, as do Arabs, Indians and Europeans. According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS), Kenya has a total population of 38,610,097 inhabitants. The largest native ethnic groups are the Kikuyu (6,622,576), Luhya (5,338,666), Kalenjin (4,967,328), Luo (4,044,440), Kamba (3,893,157), Kisii (2,205,669), Mijikenda (1,960,574), Meru (1,658,108), Turkana (988,592), and Maasai (841,622). Foreign-rooted populations include Kenyan Arabs, Somalis, Asians and Europeans.

 

Kenya is also home to world’s largest urban slum called “Kibera”. But on the other hand, Kenya is also major economy in Eastern and Central Africa. Nairobi as its regional commercial hub. It’s economy is based upon Agriculture and Tourism. Agriculture exports are also major part of economy. Tourism is major contributor to economy after agriculture. With nature, ecotourism and wildlife Safari attracts the most. Kenya is a member of the East African Community trade bloc.Africa is Kenyas largest export market, followed by the European Union.

Capital

Nairobi is the official capital of Kenya. Nairobi got its name from the river which flows through the city. In Masai phrase “ Nairobi” means “ Cool Water “.Nairobi is also referred as “Green City in the Sun”.

 

Nairobi is a cosmopolitan and multicultural city. Nairobi has grown more than any other urban cities of Africa. It has The growth rate of Nairobi is currently 4.1% a year.It is estimated that Nairobis population will reach 5 million in 2025.

 

The population of 3.36 million in 2011, 2nd largest population after Dar-e- Salaam, Tanzania, in the Great Lake Region.It is also  the 10th largest city of Africa. Nairobi has history started with British colonialism. It was established in 1899, as a rail deport, but later became important with growing economic trade and growing population. It has many international companies headquarters organisations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) and the United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON). It is famous for Skyline and tall buildings. It’s Upper Hill and Centrail Business District is commercial zones of the city.

 

Nairobi is gifted to have close geographic proximity with national park. Nairobi National park is bordered with nairobi city. This makes tourism one of the major businesses of its residentials. The park contains many animals including lions, giraffes, and black rhinos. The park is home to over 400 species of birds.  Night life of Nairobi is quite famous among natives and international tourists.

 

Nairobi is well connected with Air, Rail and Road. Local transport is also available to travel. Matatu is quite famous, private operators owned minibuses. This is used mainly by the natives, as it cheap and fast.

Major Tourism attractions in

Kenya’s geographical location has blessed it with abundance of nature and wildlife. Tourism in Kenya is varied, from Wildlife, tribe culture, Colonial architecture, Urban cities, National parks,great Lakes.Tourism is second most revenue generating source of Kenya and many people are directly or indirectly associated with it.

Urban Centres :

  • Nairobi - Kenya capital. Famous for Nairobi National Park, urban skylines, trade and nightlife.It’s the “Gateway to Safari” in Kenya. Most visited places include Giraffe Centre Sanctuary, Elephant Orphanage managed by David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust.Karen Blixen Museum, Masai Market for tribal art and culture and Bombas of Kenya.
  • Mombasa - Port city of Kenya facing towards Indian Ocean. It is one of the oldest port cities in the World. Mombasa is 2nd largest and 2nd most populated city of Kenya.It is Cultural and economic hub of Kenya. With huge port and international Airport, it is directly connected globally, creating favourable platform for tourism.Diani Beach is pristine and famous among local and international tourist.Mombasa Island,Haller Park and Shimba Hills National Reserve is also tourists attractions near Mombasa.

National Parks :

  • Amboseli National Park - Home to famous Masai Tribe. The park is 390 km2 (150 sq mi) in size at the core of an 8,000 km2 (3,000 sq mi) ecosystem that spreads across the Kenya—Tanzania border.
  • Maasai Mara National Reserve -  Located in  large game reserve in Narok County. Maasai Mara covers some 1,510 km2 (580 sq mi) (583 sq mi) . It is famous for “Great Migration” annual migration of zebra, Thomsons gazelle, and wildebeest. Also there is abundance of Lions, Cheetahs and Leopards, which makes it one of the most favoured Wildlife Destination in World.
  • Mount Elgon National Park - among the largest national park located in Trans Nzoia County 140 kilometres (87 mi)East of Lake Victoria. The park covers an area of 1,279 square kilometres (494 sq mi) (494 sq mi).Main attraction to the park include fauna and flora, the park has a variety of scenery; this includes cliffs, caves, waterfalls, gorges, mesas, calderas, hot springs, and the mountain peaks. The most popular areas are the four explorable, vast caves.
  • Kora National Park - located in Tana River County, Kenya. The park covers an area of 1,787 square kilometres (690 sq mi). It is located 125 kilometres (78 mi) east of Mount Kenya.
  • Tsavo Conservation Area - Harbours Kenyas largest elephant population, at 40% of Kenyas total elephant population, as well as 18% of Kenyas black rhino population.
  • Mount Kenya National Park - The national park and the forest reserve, combined, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.
  • Nairobi National Park - Kenya’s  first national park when it was established in 1946. It is located approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) south of the centre of Nairobi, Kenyas capital city, and is small in relation to most of Africas national parks.

Great Lakes:

  • Lake Nakuru - Famous for Pink Flamingos.
  • Lake Bogoria - Lake Bogoria is shallow (about 10 m depth), and is about 34 km long by 3.5 km wide, with a drainage basin of 700 km2.
  • Lake Naivasha -  freshwater lake in Kenya, outside the town of Naivasha in Nakuru County, which lies north west of Nairobi. It is part of the Great Rift Valley. The name derives from the local Maasai name Naiposha, meaning "rough water" because of the sudden storms which can arise.
  • Lake Turkana.
  • Lake Victoria  - is one of the African Great Lakes. The lake was named after Queen Victoria by the explorer John Hanning Speke, the first Briton to document it.  Surface area of approximately 59,947 square kilometres (23,146 sq mi),Lake Victoria is Africas largest lake by area, the worlds largest tropical lake, and the worlds second largest freshwater lake.

Airline Service

Kenya Airways is the national airline of Kenya.it majorly focus on regional connectivity within Kenya and Africa. Though it also fly to Asia, Europe and Middle East. But these are less in numbers. As being a major tourist destination, all major airlines operate in Kenya.

Major international Airports

  • Jomo Kenyatta International Airport- It’s one of the major international airport in Kenya Located In Nairobi.Located in the Embakasi suburb 15 kilometres southeast of Nairobi central business district, the airport has scheduled flights to destinations in over 50 countries.

P.O Box 19001 (00501) Nairobi Kenya

Tell: +254-020-6822111/6611000/6612000

Mobile: +254 722 205 061/2/3/4/5/6/7/8

Email: talk2us@kaa.go.ke

  • Moi International Airport-  Located in Mombasa.It is located in Mombasa County, in a township called Port Reitz and features regional as well as intercontinental flights.

Airport Phone Numbers -

0203577058, 0203577052, 0203577057,

0203577051 0726318515, 0726318516,

0726318517, 0727417791

  • Kisumu International Airport- Located in Kisumu.Although classified as an international airport, scheduled passenger service is available only to Nairobi and Mombasa.

 Airport Phone Numbers-

(057)2531186/(057)2524399

0728 765349/0728 765360/1

254-057-2021857

  • Eldoret International Airport - 

Airport Phone Numbers -

053-2061299/ 2063377/ 2063844

0725536633, 0712452180,0712452170-74

254-053-2061295

Public Holidays

  • Good Friday
  • Easter Monday
  • Labour Day
  • Madaraka Day
  • Idd ul Fitr
  • Idd ul Azha
  • Moi Day
  • Mashujaa Day
  • Mashujaa Day Holiday
  • Diwali *
  • Jamhuri Day
  • Christmas Day
  • Boxing Day

Medical tourism

Medical tourism in Kenya is growing one. Many native patients travel to destinations like India for affordable and quality healthcare facilities and medical treatments, Wealthy middle class of Kenya usually travel for their medical treatment abroad. Kenya is among the highest medical travellers who visit Asian destination for medical tourism. India is among the primary benefactor of these medical travellers. Kenya cultural and colonial history is quite shared with India, which makes Kenya natives very easy and comfortable to visit India.

Indian Embassy

High Commission of India, Nairobi, Kenya

  •  Address 3, Harambee Avenue, Jeevan Bharati Building PO Box No.30074-00100, NAIROBI, KENYA
  •  Telephone : +254 2222 566/7 , 2225 104
  •  Fax: 224 8320
  •  Email : hc.nairobi@mea.gov.in
  •  Website : www.hcinairobi.gov.in/

  Climate of Kenya

Equator passes through Kenya, this makes Kenya climate a tropic one. Majority period is rains. Heavy rains or The "long rains" season occurs from March/April to May/June, whereas the “Short Rains” season occurs from October to November/December. His best time to visit Kenya is during COld Season which is usually from July, until mid August. Summer climate is of short duration, restricted for two months, generally from February and March.

  Language of Kenya

Kenya is a multilingual speaking country. British colonial past has created English a administrative and schooling language. Also in urban centers, English is spoken widely along with Swahili. Majority of population is English and Swahili speaking. Peri-urban and rural dwellers are less multilingual, with many in rural areas speaking only their native languages. There are a total of 69 languages spoken in Kenya. Most belong to two broad language families: Niger-Congo (Bantu branch) and Nilo-Saharan (Nilotic branch).

  Currency

Kenyan Shilling is the Official currency. Though US $ also used in many places.




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