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Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery: Call For Obesity Control

Sleeve Gastrectomy

What Is Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery?

A type of treatment modality falling in the group of bariatrics which helps in reducing the obesity by surgically manipulating the stomach is known as a sleeve gastrectomy surgery. Around 80 percent of the stomach is removed surgically leaving behind a sleeve or tube like structure, hence the name. This method helps in reducing the appetite since the storage and digestive capacity of the stomach itself is reduced. Less the hunger, less will be the amount of food consumed.

Causes of Obesity:

  • Lethargic/sedentary lifestyle: This maybe due to the type of occupation or the working hours at job, confined to one place glued to electronic devices. Excessive consumption of alcohol also adds to it.
  • Lack of physical activity: This again maybe due to lack of interest/motivation for physical exercises, outdoor games along with increased appetite.
  • Genetics: In some cases, obesity occurs as a result of extremely slow metabolic rate occurring in the family which eventually is transmitted to the off-springs.
  • Medications: Certain medications such as anti-depressants, corticosteroids, anti-epilepsy cause retention of fluids in the body leading to swelling. This however is not the cause of obesity in true sense and can be managed without surgical intervention.
  • Obesity may also occur secondary to hypothyroidism, cushing’s syndrome and polycystic ovarian disorders PCOD owing to an imbalance in the hormonal levels.

Signs and Symptoms Of Obesity:

  • Lack of interest in physical exercises, visible fatty and chubby appearance
  • Rise in breathlessness, lethargy
  • Increased heart rate, blood pressure, palpitations, increase blood sugar level, frequent headaches.
  • Increased body mass index BMI, body weight and reduced basic metabolic rate.

Diagnosis Of Obesity:

Diagnostic tests required prior to sleeve gastrectomy surgery include:

  • Body mass index confirming class I and II values
  • Blood test with a complete blood count CBC, heamoglobin level, ruling out any blood pathology.
  • Thyroid function tests: For the evaluation of hormonal balance
  • Ultrasound of gastric region for the condition of stomach and small intestinal curvature.
  • Upper GIT endoscopy may also be required.

Treatment Procedure for Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery:

It is also known by the names of vertical sleeve gastrectomy or a gastric sleeve procedure. It is done under general anesthesia with a laparoscopic approach. However it is an irreversible process as the part of stomach once removed cannot be replaced or restored. Multiple incision holes are made in the abdomen and through these approaches, outer margin of the stomach is removed. A small portion of stomach in the form of a sleeve is left behind along with the pylorus muscle which is responsible for emptying the food from the stomach into the small intestine. As a result of reduction in the size of the stomach, the patient feels full after eating less and thus takes in fewer calories. The surgery removes that portion of the stomach which produces a hormone that can make a patient feel hungry.

This method is much easier as compared to a gastric bypass procedure since it does not involve any rerouting or reconnection of any intestines. Also since no banding, stitching or stapling of the stomach is required, it is also easier than the lap band method.

Complications And Risk Factors Associated With Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery:

  • Indigestion/diarrhea/nausea: It occurs due to leakage of digestive/gastric juices. Also the gut bacteria get killed as a result of which digestion process may get delayed/hampered. Abdominal pain, fever due to recurrent infections may also be encountered.
  • Non healing ulcers may develop in the gastric and intestinal region due to lack of vitamin C post surgery. The bacteria required for vitamin c absorption becomes less and hence persistent ulcers are seen.
  • Excessive/unwanted weight loss: It may occur due faulty absorption of nutrients from food owing to missing/depleted gut bacteria which when present in normal conditions help in the absorption of nutrients.

Am I A Good Candidate For Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery?

If the regular vigorous exercises and diet monitoring do not help reduce your weight and you happen to fall in the class 1 or 2 of the obesity classification, you surely are an ideal candidate for the sleeve gastrectomy procedure.


You reduce drastically by having a control over your satiety centre. You eat very less and start feeling full already. Hence the need to eat more and take in more calories is avoided. Since the procedure is less invasive making use of laparoscopic approaches, complications such as scars are limited.

Why Choose India?

A lot many highly skilled and professional bariatric surgeons are available in the country which perform the sleeve gastrectomy procedure with utmost care and ensuring desirable outcomes. We at MedcureIndia have a very close affiliation with such institutes and direct our clients to them assuring them of top class treatment facilities.