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Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery: Call For Obesity Control

Sleeve Gastrectomy

What Is Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery?

A type of treatment modality falling in the group of bariatrics which helps in reducing the obesity by surgically manipulating the stomach is known as a sleeve gastrectomy surgery. Around 80 percent of the stomach is removed surgically leaving behind a sleeve or tube like structure, hence the name. This method helps in reducing the appetite since the storage and digestive capacity of the stomach itself is reduced. Less the hunger, less will be the amount of food consumed. 

Causes of Obesity:

  • Some medications such as corticosteroids, anti convulsants and anti depressants may cause water retention and retard the fat solubility in the body. Such conditions often lead to obesity.
  • A lazy and lethargic lifestyle, lack of physical exertion and exercise, heavy and uncontrolled diet, least intake of fibers, excess consumption of junk food and fats all lead to obesity.
  • Obesity also at times runs in the family; this is attributed to the role of genes.
  • Obesity also follows many underlying systemic conditions. These include hypothyroidism, cushing’s syndrome, polycystic ovarian disorder.

Signs and Symptoms Of Obesity:

  • Cardiovascular signs such as heart rate, pulse, blood pressure are always raised.
  • A total lack of interest in exercises and a lazy attitude is seen
  • The overall appearance of the individual looks chubby, flabby and out of proportion in size
  • Cholesterol deposits can be seen in the lumen of the arteries on angiographic examinations.
  • Rise in breathlessness
  • The body mass index BMI is increased, the basic metabolic rate BMR is reduced.

Diagnosis Of Obesity:

Diagnostic tests required prior to sleeve gastrectomy surgery include:

  • Body mass index confirming class I and II values
  • Blood test with a complete blood count CBC, heamoglobin level, ruling out any blood pathology.
  • Thyroid function tests: For the evaluation of hormonal balance
  • Ultrasound of gastric region for the condition of stomach and small intestinal curvature.
  • Upper GIT endoscopy may also be required.

Treatment Procedure for Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery:

It is also known by the names of vertical sleeve gastrectomy or a gastric sleeve procedure. It is done under general anesthesia with a laparoscopic approach. However it is an irreversible process as the part of stomach once removed cannot be replaced or restored. Multiple incision holes are made in the abdomen and through these approaches, outer margin of the stomach is removed. A small portion of stomach in the form of a sleeve is left behind along with the pylorus muscle which is responsible for emptying the food from the stomach into the small intestine. As a result of reduction in the size of the stomach, the patient feels full after eating less and thus takes in fewer calories. The surgery removes that portion of the stomach which produces a hormone that can make a patient feel hungry.

This method is much easier as compared to a gastric bypass procedure since it does not involve any rerouting or reconnection of any intestines. Also since no banding, stitching or stapling of the stomach is required, it is also easier than the lap band method.

Complications And Risk Factors Associated With Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery:

  • Diarrhea or constipation may occur depending upon the patient’s adaptability to the surgical procedure. However this condition is quite acute.
  • Since a major portion of the stomach is not allowed to receive the food, bacteria which help in the digestion of food may get destructed or vanish away from the body. This leads to the formation of non healing ulcers along the lining of the stomach.
  • It is unnatural to experience abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea or leakage of gastric juices for a chronic period.
  • Leakage of gastric juice often leads to irritation in the stomach cavity causing regurgitations and vomiting sensations.
  • At times, unwanted weight loss can also be seen following such a type of surgery.

Am I A Good Candidate For Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery?

If the regular vigorous exercises and diet monitoring do not help reduce your weight and you happen to fall in the class 1 or 2 of the obesity classification, you surely are an ideal candidate for the sleeve gastrectomy procedure.

Benefits of Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery:

You reduce drastically by having a control over your satiety centre. You eat very less and start feeling full already. Hence the need to eat more and take in more calories is avoided. Since the procedure is less invasive making use of laparoscopic approaches, complications such as scars are limited.

Why Choose India?

A lot many highly skilled and professional bariatric surgeons are available in the country which perform the sleeve gastrectomy procedure with utmost care and ensuring desirable outcomes. We at MedcureIndia have a very close affiliation with such institutes and direct our clients to them assuring them of top class treatment facilities.

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