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A surgical approach making use of very small incisions in the pelvic or abdominal region guided with the help of an instrument known as a laparoscope is known as a laparoscopic surgery. It is also known as minimally invasive surgery, keyhole surgery or the band aid surgery. Quite a recent introduction in the field of surgery, it makes use of a laparoscope which is a long fiber optic cable system enabling the surgeon to view the internal structure as it moves along the pelvic or the abdominal cavity. The incisions made are way smaller than the ones made in the conventional surgery just so that the laparoscope can be inserted well. It can be used as both a diagnostic as well as a proper treatment plan.
The type of laparoscopic surgery usually depends upon the type of laparoscope in use. Thus there are two types of laparoscopic surgery:
For procedures of the pelvis and the abdomen, a laparoscopic approach is very common. Instruments such as graspers, scissors, clip appliers can be inserted through trocars. These are hollow tubes which are introduced into the abdomen to prevent carbon dioxide gas from leaking. Rather than a minimum 20 cm incision as in traditional (open) surgical procedure for the abdomen, four incisions of 0.5–1.0 cm, or more recently a single incision of 1.5–2.0 cm is sufficient to perform a laparoscopic removal. The length of postoperative stay in the hospital is minimal, and same-day discharges are possible in cases of early morning procedures. In certain advanced laparoscopic procedures, where the size of the specimen being removed would be too large to pull out through a trocar site, an incision larger than 10 mm must be made. The most common of these procedures are removal of all or part of the colon, or removal of the kidney. Some surgeons perform these procedures completely laparoscopically, making the larger incision toward the end of the procedure for specimen removal, or, in the case of a colectomy, to also prepare the remaining healthy bowel to be reconnected. Many other surgeons feel that since they will have to make a larger incision for specimen removal anyway, they might as well use this incision to have their hand in the operative field during the procedure to aid as a retractor, dissector, and to be able to feel differing tissue densities (palpate), as they would in open surgery. This technique is called hand-assist laparoscopy. Since they will still be working with scopes and other laparoscopic instruments, CO2 will have to be maintained in the patients abdomen, so a device known as a hand access port (a sleeve with a seal that allows passage of the hand) must be used. Surgeons who choose this hand-assist technique feel it reduces operative time significantly versus the straight laparoscopic approach. It also gives them more options in dealing with unexpected adverse events that may otherwise require creating a much larger incision and converting to a fully open surgical procedure.
If any of the following criteria are on your mind, you deserve a well planned laparoscopic approach for treatment:
Following a laparoscopic approach, patient can resume routine activities within a week’s time. Hospital stay is very minimal, same day discharge can also be done
A laparoscopic surgery has the following benefits:
This approach would lead you to pay an amount of 20,000 INR; exclusive of the hospital stay or the additional medications used for you. This is almost less than even a quarter of what you will be charged in the United States.
The leading places in terms of medical advancements is the Indian land where a host of medical ailments are corrected laparoscopically on a daily basis, making sure the benefits are achieved and side effects completely avoided.
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