Get Free Consulation
The branch of medicine dealing with nervous system is termed as neurology. The nervous system is composed of the central (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral (cranial and spinal nerves) systems. The brain is the prime coordinator of all the activities and sends signals to several of the body parts via sensory nerves. The parts in turn send the motor impulses to the brain via the motor nerves. The central and the peripheral systems both work in synchronicity to bring about a harmonious functioning of the human skeleton.
For the ease of segregation, these are mentioned below in the alphabetical order
It is an irreversible and progressive disorder of brain affecting the memory cells leading to dementia ie complete loss of memory. It is an absolute disease of the old age. Slowly and steadily the ability to carry out daily routine functions also gets impaired. The patient becomes forgetful and looses the orientation of time and space.
Ataxia is a symptom of neurologic disorder which clinically manifests in the form of uncoordinated movements between the limbs, vision and speech. Friedreich’s ataxia is an autosomal recessive, degenerative disease that involves the central and the peripheral nervous systems and the heart. Ataxia telangectasia A-T, a congenital neurodegenerative disorder, occurs during early to late childhood period which shows delayed walking/standing in infancy, jerky and unsteady movements and de pigmentation patches on skin. A group of congenital ataxias leading to impairment of limbs, vision and speech are termed as spinocerebellar ataxias SCA.
It is a learning disability occurring in 1 in 60 live births. An autistic child has excellent motor and sensory skills and the condition may go unnoticed for quite some time of life. The behavioral pattern and communication skills of autistic children are defective.
A brain tumor occurs due to excessive and rapid multiplication of cells anywhere within the fore, mid or hind brain. As a result of an abnormal mass of growth, the blood and the nerves get compressed. This may lead to either less blood and oxygen supply to the brain tissues or a fault in the neurotransmission by nerves, hence the symptoms occur.
a child with this disorder shows defective motor coordination in children. A hand/leg or both the limbs may show jerky movements or un synchronous activity. A child also may become stiff, head may jerk if left unsupported with hands.
It is a brain disorder manifesting in the form of seizures of brief period occurring at repeated intervals. Seizures occur as a result of change in the electrical or chemical activity of brain which may occur due to trauma to the brain, reduced oxygen supply or cranial infections.
It is a condition of bacterial infection of the meninges ie the fibrous covering of the brain and spinal cord leading to its swelling. It leads to extremely high grade fever, loss of sensation, nausea, vomiting and disorientation in children.
It is a sort of demyelinating disease of the brain and spinal cord in which the insulating covering of the nerve cells gets damaged. It may result in vision problems, tingling and numbness, pains and spasms, weakness or fatigue, balance problems or dizziness, bladder issues, sexual dysfunction and cognitive problems.
It is a chronic progressive neurological disease which includes tremors, muscular rigidity, and slow improper movements, mostly affecting middle-aged and elderly people. It is associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine.
It is a disease of the peripheral nerves which occurs due to a damage or trauma of the peripheral nerves carrying information to and from the brain to the various parts of the human body. It majorly disrupts the neurotransmitter mechanism, may lead to a host of loss of sensations.
It is regarded as a partial loss of memory occurring in the middle to the old age group. It is a sort of an autoimmune disorder in which the cells taking up sodium and potassium from the blood to the brain are destroyed. Due to this imbalance in the ionic levels of sodium, the memory cells loss their ability to remember things partially. Thus such patients find it difficult to revive certain situations/things/memories.
It is a spinal disease hitting the early adolescent children in which the spine becomes accentuated S shaped, making many movements limited. It may occur secondary to cerebral palsy and muscular dystropy, in certain cases the etiology is unknown.
It is a bacterial infection of the spinal cord manifesting in early to late adolescent period. Extremely high grade fever, pain along the course of spinal cord curvature, dizziness and drowsiness, limited movements and bed ridden stage are commonly encountered with this diseases.
Neuroleptics such as haloperidol and chlorpromazine are administered to treat organic disorders of the brain such as schizophrenia. There is no cure for Parkinsons disease but there are several medications that may help control symptoms. Physicians closely monitor the cases for drug side effects and adjust dosages or change medications depending on how patients respond. Simple analgesics such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen and opiates can be prescribed to treat the painful effects of many neurological ailments.
For cases with autism, cerebral palsy and epilepsy, various kinds of therapies are available. The child is taught to respond to a number of stimuli, train to walk/climb/ perform daily activities on his/her won. At the same time, the parents are also counseled to keep patience with such children.
These are the modes of treatment in cases of benign tumors of the brain which do not require a surgical intervention.
This is mostly the approach in cases of brain tumors, brain hemorrhages, abscess and other traumatic conditions. For the benign tumors of brain, total resection should be done without leaving any margins in the cranial tissues. However a small part of the healthy tissues also is removed to prevent any chance of recurrence.
In case of brain stroke or infarcts, the hypoxic tissues are removed and the blood supplying vessel is re coursed in order to supply proper blood nutrients and oxygen to the brain. Abscess are mostly drained and followed by a heavy antibiotic and analgesic course. Hemorrhages occurring as a result of extensive trauma to the brain cells are controlled with the help of coagulants and blood vessels sutured in order to stop bleeding.
The neurology surgical procedures often seem easy to read and understand, however are quite complicated in the course of diagnosis, tretamnet planning and on table handling of added complications.
Success rate for the medications provided for neurology diseases which only help in subsiding the symptoms almost by 50 percent is also the same. Medications do not intend at increasing the longevity of the patient, only suppressing the signs. Surgical approaches for tumors have a success rate og 34.89 percent with a high chance of both, fatality and recurrence.
medcureIndia makes quite an apt proclamation is calling itself as one of the prime platforms of medical tourism in the country. And very righteously we direct our clients to the best of neurological institutes making sure our people are at safe hands.
Copyright © 2018 medcureindia.com - All Rights Reserved