What Is Acne?
A medical condition of the skin where hair follicles and dead skin cells get accumulated in the epidermal layer or the oil glands result in excessive oil production leading to small outgrowths is known as acne. It is also known as acne vulgaris or in simple language as pimples. These are mostly seen on the face, chest, upper arms and back with an equal predilection for both men and women.
Causes of Acne:
- Hormonal changes can be considered as a prime factor is causing pimples/acne
- Dietary modifications can be a secondary cause in the manifestation of acne
- Less water intake, more oily intake in the diet
- Cigarette smoking, excess exposure to sunlight
- Bacterial infections also cause acne
Signs and Symptoms of Acne:
- Overgrowth in the smooth surface of the skin
- Redness, swelling around the acne, pigmentation
- Pus or blood discharge from the area of acne
- Acne occurring due to bacterial infections can cause mild fever, nausea, general weakness and vomiting
- Acne may also leave scars on the skin surface if the patient scratches the acne, pricks or punches the area
- Mild to moderate pain, discomfort
- Itchiness in and around the area of acne
Diagnosis of Acne:
The simplest way of diagnosing acne is by mere visual examination aided with the help of a magnifying glass under broad daylight. The number of acne, the location, its redness and swelling can all be examined just by seeing the area. History of any blood or pus discharge, itchiness is also asked for.
Treatment Procedures for Acne:
- Dietary modifications: Patients are advised to go on a low sugar intake diet and eat more fibers so as to eliminate any chances of indigestion.
- Medications: These are in the form of topical applications such as creams, ointments and gels or oral doses like tablets and capsules. Medicines such as benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, clindamycin, erythromycin, doxycycline, menocycline, tetracyclines are the most commonly prescribed in various doses. Anti androgens to balance the hormonal imbalance also help in the treatment of acne.
- Use of combination therapy: This makes use of different class of drugs that have a different action and help reduce the body getting resistant to the same type of medications.
- Dermabrasion: It is a minor surgical procedure where the scars in the epidermal layer are removed with the help of abrasion techniques. This often is a painful procedure but provides excellent results on completion.
- Dermal fillers: These are chemicals that are used in the pores of the acne so as to remove the scars which is a usual complication of the acne.
- Microneedling: In this procedure, an instrument which has multiple tiny needles is used to scrape the skin so as to elicit a normal wound healing process. This removes the debris in and around the acne and treatment of the same
- Subsicion: This is the procedure wherein the fibrotic layer in the base of the acne is removed with the help of a scalpel and left for healing. This procedure does not leave a scar and helps in the correction and removal of acne.
- Use of chemical peels: These are chemicals in the form of acids that are used to help reduce the scar formation after the acne has been excised surgically.
- Self care: This includes keeping very well hydrated all the time, cleaning and washing face as and when required and keeping away from dust and sunlight.
Complications And Risk Factors Associated With Acne:
- Scarring is a common complication with acne, ice pick, rolling and boxcar are the common types of scars seen
- Acne adversely affects the esthetics of the individual, especially when they occur on the face thereby lowering the self esteem of the patient.
- If left untreated it may result into a cyst or an abscess
- Excessive bleeding or pus discharge
- Many a times, pricking or manhandling the acne can lead to a permanent spot in the area of the acne
Am I Good Candidate For Acne Treatment?
If you have any of the following signs and symptoms of acne, you surely are an ideal candidate for the correction and treatment of the same:
- Multiple acne on the face and on the chest, arms and back
- Reddish appearance of the acne
- Acne that cause pain and tenderness in the affected area
- Bleeding and pus discharge from the cane
- Acne that cause itching and discomfort
Be it a treatment via medicines or minor operative procedure, acne heals within a span of five to ten days. However during this time it is advised to take utmost precaution while travelling in the sun or dust, take good care of the diet and drink plenty of water and fluids.
Medicines have a cent percent success rate in the cure of acne; mild side effects such as drying of the lips and nausea may occur. Minor operative procedures have near about 99 percent chances of success with a percent chance for scarring in the affected areas.
Benefits Of Acne Treatment:
A proper treatment taken at the right time will benefit you in the following ways:
- Bring your hormonal levels to a balanced place and help eliminate the chance of any acne in future
- Enhance your esthetics and self confidence
- Prevent the formation of abscess or cysts
- Prevent complications like pus discharge, bleeding and foul odours
Cost Comparisons for Acne Treatment:
Medications that will be prescribed to you for acne will be in the range of 1000 to 1200 INR with a few more hundreds that you will be charged for the consultation at the clinic of your dermatologist. The minor operative procedures are going to cost you somewhere around 1500 to 2000 INR. This amount is peanuts as compared to the exorbitant charges you will be required to pay at the hospitals abroad
Why choose India?
India is the only country in Asia which offers a variety of medical treatments. Acne being the most common and the minutest medical ailment of the skin, finds its treatment in n number of ways. India is a home to numerous skilled dermatologists and surgeons who guarantee excellent results that too at affordable prices.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):
• Can acne develop into cancer?
Acne when left untreated can develop into abscess or cyst, There is a very rare chance that the acne/abscess/cyst develops into a cancer mass unless it is exposed to any cancer causing agent.
• Are there any chances any acne will recur?
Yes, acne can always recur depending upon the changes in diet, exposure to extreme sunlight, dust, pollen or bacterial infections
• Can I prick my acne and correct it by draining the pus at home?
No, you should never try these activities at home. At max, you can always cover the surface of the acne with wet cotton if it bothers you and itches. You should see the nearest doctor as soon as possible.
• Is acne same as chicken pox?
Acne do occur in chicken pox which is a viral infection. However these acne are pustules that filled with pus, blood or cell debris, is accompanied by high grade fever and takes 45-60 days to heal