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Liposuction: Deliberate Attempt at Fat Extraction


What Does Liposuction Treatment Mean?

It is a branch of cosmetic surgery which involves removal of fat from the body via a surgical technique. Tremendous amounts of adipose tissues and fat cells are generally found around the arms, waist, stomach, hips and thighs which give an unhealthy and unaesthetic look to the entire body. It makes use of a suction method after making an incision at the fat deposits. It may be considered as a weight loss method, but eventually the fat tends to come back.

Rationale behind the Liposuction Treatment:

Fat in the form of cholesterol, LDL, HDL, VLDL or triglycerides are stored in the fat cells spread throughout the human body. Fat cells collectively lie in the adipose tissues which are the excess fat storage reservoirs. Adipose tissues are densely concentrated at places such as neck, breasts, abdomen, hips, arms and thighs. A strict monitoring of diet and regular exercise regimen may not always lead to burning of such fat and weight loss. Hence liposuction, a recent trend in the cosmetic surgery, can be an effective method in order to contour the body and make it look esthetically sound.

The Liposuction Procedure:

  • Depending upon the extent of the area from where fat needs to be extracted, a surgeon chooses to carry out the procedure in local or general anesthesia.
  • The liposuction treatment irrespective of the method employed uses a long thin tube called as a cannula which is inserted through the skin cut. The other end of the cannula is attached to a vaccum bag which sucks the fat deposits.
  • During the entire procedure, the blood pressure, pulse and airway are continuously monitored.
  • Although it is a painless procedure, any amount of major discomfort reported by the patient under local anesthesia is immediately resolved.
  • The incisions are sutured or left open for quite a while for complete drainage of the fat fluid.

Types of Liposuction:

Tumescent liposuction: It is the commonest type of liposuction method involved. A sterile solution is injected into the area from where fat removal is to be planned. This solution is sterile consisting of a mixture of salt and water which would aid in fat removal, an anesthetic agent like lidocaine to relieve pain and a drug such as epinephrine to cause constriction of blood vessels to prevent bleeding into the area. The solution after injection causes swelling and stiffening of the area. Surgeon then is ready to make an incision into the skin. This is followed by placing a tube called as cannula below the skin of the incision which in turn is connected to a vaccum that sucks fat from the area.

Ultrasound-assisted liposuction UAL: During this procedure, a metal rod is inserted under the skin of the area from fat is to be removed. The end of the rod emits ultrasonic energy as a result of which the fat cell walls break leading to a complete disintegration of the fat deposits. It may also be used in addition with the tumescent liposuction method.

Laser-assisted liposuction LAL: This technique uses high-intensity laser light to liquefy fat for removal. During LAL, the surgeon inserts a laser fiber through a small incision and emulsifies fat deposits. The fat is then removed via a cannula.

Powered liposuction: A cannula is inserted which moves continuously in a back and forth motion. As a result of this motion, vibrations are created which enable fat removal in a more rapid way. It is a relatively less painful procedure, causes less swelling and discomfort during and after the procedure.

Results after Liposuction:

After the procedure is over, swelling subsides in a period of ten days. The area looks less bulky. In a span of three months, the complete area begins to get a more leaner look. Liposuction results are generally long lasting if weight maintenance is routinely followed. Weight gain does occur after the liposuction is over, leading to fat gain in areas which otherwise were normal.

Complications & Risk Factors Associated With Liposuction:

  • Pain in an acute or a chronic form may persist.
  • Redistribution of fat may occur post liposuction leading to fat gain.
  • Bleeding can occur due to rupturing of blood vessels during or after the procedure
  • Bruising of the skin may occur.
  • Infections in the incisions and sutures can develop
  • Embolisms can occur as a result of entry of fat into a ruptured blood vessel. The fat emboli may travel upto lungs, brain, heart , liver and may deposit there adding to further complications.
  • Pooling of serum in the fat area can be seen leading to tremendous swelling
  • Change in the sensation as result of partial or complete damage to nerves in the area involved
  • Necrosis of skin can occur due to continuous use of cannula
  • Ultrasound assisted liposuction can cause burns.
  • Scars, bumpy or wavy appearances or may occur at the liposuction site after the procedure.

Success Rate in India:

The liposuction procedure follows a typical success rate in the range of 34 to 45 percent with more than a fifty percent chance of fat redistribution taking place even after the diet and exercises are monitored.

Why MedcureIndia?

To be an excellent guide for medical tourism on a global scale, team MedcureIndia is always on its toes striving for the betterment of its clients. Our panel includes the most renowned and effective cosmetic doctors for weight loss programmes. We assure a guaranteed smooth and efficient weight loss by the liposuction surgical approach to out clients.

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