What Is Gynecomastia Surgery?
A condition in which men grow breasts similar to females is known as gynecomastia. The cosmetic/plastic surgical procedure which aims at resecting/cutting away the not so much needed breasts in men is known as gynecomastia surgery. It is quite common and natural to see enlarged breasts in young pubertal boys which wither away in a span of six months to two years. This becomes a problem however when the enlarged breast tissues fail to regress or disappear after 18-20 years of age, giving the overall masculine body a female touch. It may affect one or both the breasts and has more of an emotional/mental impact on the individual than the physical one.
Causes Of Gynecomastia:
- Hormonal changes in pubertal boys leads to swollen mammary tissues and extra fat deposition
- In older men, it too occurs due to unbalanced levels of estrogen and testosterone
- Very commonly, infants too are born with this condition due to the imbalance of estrogen passed on in their bodies by their mothers.
Symptoms Of Gynecomastia:
- Pain in and around the breast region
- Tenderness in the chest area
- General discomfort
- Pus/blood discharge from the nipples
- Low self confidence, social embarrassment, fear of being teased by peers
- You are obese and have attempted weight reduction, the breasts have failed to eliminate fats and have remained flabby and bulky giving the overall body a very unaesthetic appearance.
Gynecomastia Surgery Procedure:
- Anesthesia: The patient is advised to stop eating six hours before the surgical procedure. The patient is then given general anesthesia/deep sedation.
- Liposuction: This is the option when gynecomastia is a result of excess fatty tissues. In this method a cannula is inserted through multiple small incisions so as to remove the excess fat from the breast region. There are various techniques of liposuction that can be put to use for your case; this is decided by your cosmetic/plastic surgeon.
- Excision technique: Excision techniques are recommended where glandular breast tissue or excess skin must be removed to correct gynecomastia. Excision also is necessary if the areola will be reduced or the nipple will be repositioned to a more natural male contour. Incision patterns vary depending on the specific conditions and surgical preference.
- Combination technique: Many a times. a combination of both liposuction and excision needs to be done to correct the breast region and then give it a proper contour.
Complications And Risk Factors Associated With Gynecomastia Surgery:
- Risks of anesthesia, numbness around the breast region
- Infection at the site of suture
- Poor wound healing
- Scar tissue formation, keloid formation
- Bleeding, blood clots, hematoma
- Reaction to suture materials, surgical tapes
- Irregularity ij the shape of breasts, asymmetrical breasts
- Altered nipple sensation
- Temporary or permanent damage to the adjacent structures such as pectoral muscle, blood vessels and nerves
- Deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary complications
- Fat necrosis
- Fluid accumulation in and around the mammary tissues
Am I Good Candidate For Gynecomastia Surgery?
If you have experienced or are experiencing any of the following signs or symptoms related to your breast region, you surely are an ideal candidate for the gynecomastia surgery:
- You are male patient nearing puberty or in middle adulthood period, embarrassed of how your breasts look
- You are conscious of how your chest moves while you are running, walking
- Your breasts bulge out, making you wear loose t-shirts and shirts
- You have been diagnosed with high levels of estrogen in your body
Recovery Time Of gynecomastia surgery :
Pain usually is very minimal, however the patient may feel sore for a period of three to four days. A tube may remain in place for a week at the site of operation to drain the blood and excess fluid/pus. After a week’s time you will be discharged from the hospital with instructions from the plastic/ cosmetic surgeon.
Success Rate of gynecomastia surgery :
A success rate of 92.6 percent is seen with gynecomastia surgery.
Benefits of gynecomastia surgery in India:
A gynecomastia surgery will help you in the following ways:
- Boost your morale, self confidence
- Make you feel less conscious while making public/social appearances
- Remove excess fats form your chest region
- Remove all the unnecessary mammary tissues which make you feel uncomfortable
- Enable you to wear all the masculine clothes which you otherwise were avoiding!
Cost Comparisons For Gynecomastia Surgery:
Gynecomastia surgery will cost you around 60,000 to 80,000 INR here in India, which otherwise would cost you sixty percent more if you opt for plastic or cosmetic hospitals abroad.
Why choose India:
Team MedcureIndia is one of the leading medical tourism sites representing India at places abroad. We chose highly skilled and goal oriented plastic and cosmetic surgeons who treat gynecomastia with fine details and utmost accuracy. This is also followed by excellent post operative care; all of this at affordable rates.
Frequently Asked Questions ( FAQ):
• Does gynecomastia have a tendency to recur?
Yes, gynecomastia has a tendency to recur. A second surgical attempt may or may not be done. However in such cases, medications and gynecomastia garments are prescribed to the male patients.
• Can gynecomastia resolve on its own?
Gynecomastia has a tendency to regress on its won over a span of two years. However a surgical repair is needed if it fails to wither away on its own.
• Can testosterone be given to males with gynecomastia?
If the male has less levels of testosterone, then it is advisable to administer testosterone. If the levels of this hormone are average to normal, then the hormone should not be given