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Ayurveda: The Ancient Medicine Method!

ayurveda in india

What Is Ayurveda?

The branch of medicine which deals with the healing of ailments via natural cycles in the human body falls in the category of ayurveda. The branch makes use of natural plant extracts and the other substances occurring naturally to cure a lot of diseases. The word Ayurveda is derived from the Sanskrit literature which means to increase and enhance life and longevity. There are various theories and principles involved in the ayurvedic medicine. As for example, migraine can be cured with head massages using certain oils prepared from plant extracts in a particular motion and at a particular time of the day. Dietary modifications can help reduce certain urges such as that of lust, greed and hunger. It has been extensively studied since the ancient times and has its roots in the Sanskrit literature. Thus a lot of principles and terminologies that are used in the ayurveda are derived from Sanskrit language.

Classification Of Ayurveda Treatment:

There are eight components of the ayurvedic treatment which cover the entire field of medicine. These are terminologies derived from the Sanskrit literature and are as follows: 

  • Kayachikitsa: This is a branch of general medicine
  • Kaumara bhrtya: Branch dealing with children, pediatrics
  • Salyatantra: Branch of surgery, extractions
  • Shalakyatantra: Branch dealing with the diseases of eyes, ears, nose and throat
  • Bhutavidya: Branch dealing with the pacification of spirits and ill souls
  • Agadatantra: Branch dealing with toxicology
  • Rasayantantra: Branch dealing with increasing the longevity, strength and intellect
  • Vajikaranatantra: Branch dealing with the enhancement of sexual pleasure, increasing the volume of semen

Diagnosis And Treatment Planning In Ayurveda:

The branch of ayurveda makes use of eight different ways to diagnose the illnesses. These are:

  • Nadi (pulse), 
  • Mootra (urine), 
  • Mala (stool), 
  • Jhiva (tongue), 
  • Shabd (speech), 
  • Sparsh (touch), 
  • Druk (vision) and 
  • Akruti (appearance). 

Physicians make use of the five senses in order to gauge the presence and degree of any illness. Ayurveda does not involve using any diagnostic instruments such as thermometer or stethoscope, radiographs or any other digital apparatus to gauge the presence or absence of illnesses.

Treatment Procedures Done In Ayurveda:

Upakarma which is the name given to the treatment, is generally divided into two major categories as follows:

  • Langhana (depleting): In this method, the illness is totally eradicated from the human body by two major means. These are:
    1. Sodhana (purification): Vamana (emesis), vasti (enema), raktamoksha (blood letting), nasya (nasal medication) and virechana (purgation) are the ways to purify the body to make it germ free.
    2. Samana (pacifying): Pachana (using digestives), deepana (increasing digestive fire), kshut (hunger), thrit (thirst), vyayama (exercise), athapa (sunlight) and marutha (wind) are the ways used to help reduce the ailments.
  • Brimhana (nourishing): This method aims at enhancing the immunity of the human body and thus help in removing the disease from the body.
  • Ayurveda includes principles of Jainism and Buddhism merging them with the central principles of Sanskrit literature. 

Apart from the above mentioned methods, there are various theories and principles involved in the concept of ayurvedic treatment which help in the treatment planning and implementation for curing diseases. These are explained in the following lines:

  • The central theme revolves around the concept of maintaining a balance and harmony between all the body functions. This majorly involves moderation of the food intake, sexual urges and intercourse and sleep. 
  • Harmony can be achieved by working upon seven basic tissues that are found in the human body. These include:
    1. Plasma (rasa), 
    2. Blood (rakta), 
    3. Muscles (mamsa), 
    4. Fats (meda), 
    5. Bone (asthi), 
    6. Marrow (majra) and 
    7. Semen (shukra).
  • The tissues and elements together in turn are known to influence the twenty gunas which are arranged in ten pairs. The pairs are: 
    1. Heavy/light, 
    2. Hot/cold, 
    3. Wet/dry, 
    4. Dull/sharp, 
    5. Stable/mobile, 
    6. Soft/hard, 
    7. Slimy/non slimy, 
    8. Smooth/coarse, 
    9. Minute/gross, 
    10. Viscous/liquid.
  • Ayurveda considers human body as composed of five basic elements, similar to the signs occurring in nature. These are earth, water, fire, air and ether.
  • To keep the body is a state of good health, the doshas have to be balanced. These are pitta, vata and kapha. There are two concepts which explain this theory. According to the first principle, there has to be a perfect balance between all the three doshas in order to maintain balance in the human body. On the contrary, the second principle explains that either of the dosha has to be dominant over the other two which will eventually decide the nature or characteristic of the individual.

Ayurveda has its origin in the Atharvaveda and is a strong proponent of meditation and spirituality. Thus regular exercises, yoga, deep breathing and meditation are also a part of the treatment cycle which the patient has to undergo routinely. In the long run, the patient is advised to make these regimes as a part of their daily activities so as to attain a good, healthy and long life.

Complications And Risk Factors Associated With Ayurveda:

  • The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) department does not approve of the medicines that are used for the ayurvedic treatment since they use lead, mercury and arsenic. These can cause harm to the human body in various forms of allergies and anaphylaxis.
  • There are no certified courses or doctors which hold the degrees of ayurvedic medicine. Even if they do, it comes after a lot of practice, patience and a thorough knowledge which can only be obtained by reading the Vedas well, apart from the general information provided by the textbooks.
  • Ayurvedic treatment requires conversion of the impurities in the human body to purities, expulsion of the unnecessary requirements out of the body, mind as well as the soul. This may take quite some time and require you to be an ardent follower of spirituality.
  • It works in total opposition to the allopathy medicine; may pit you against the side effects of the latter causes.
  • It becomes difficult to explain the manner in which the medications work in order to heal the body and free it from the chronic diseases. Allopathy uses the perfect definitions and terminologies referring to the systems and organs in the human body; whereas ayurveda is solely a play of gunas, doshas, elements and the universe.
  • Ayurveda doesn’t seem to be having a very good future since the practitioners lack the basic interest in reading more and more about the subject.

Am I Good Candidate For Ayurveda?

  • If you are suffering from chronic diseases like hypertension, diabetes, kidney diseases, cancer, asthma, heart stroke, paralysis, infertility, you may seek ayurvedic treatment at any stage of the disease.
  • Many a times you will be completely cured of the disease; if not, at least the longevity would be increased and pain and discomfort will be reduced.
  • If you need to find the truest sense of spirituality, ayurveda is the place.
  • If headaches, anxiety, migraines are a constant bother for you, ayurveda is the safest and the most efficient option for you.

Recovery Time:

The recovery time is variable, ranging from one month to six months to a year’s time. Conditions such as paralysis require frequent massages, meditations and yogic exercises which vary according to the health of the underlying muscles and nerves. Asthma, diabetes and hypertension require a minimum of three months of time to be completely cured followed by a complete cessation of the medications but the meditations and yoga would still follow. Massages for headaches, migraines give instant relief but need to be done on a regular basis to help improve the cranial blood circulation.

Success Rate:

There is no absolute percentage which can define the success of the cases that are cured with ayurvedic treatment. However, cases of infertility have shown the best results with ayurvedic medicine. Almost all the cases asthma, blood pressure and diabetes show good results when ayurvedic home remedies are used.

Benefits of Ayurveda:

If you plan on opting for an ayurvedic treatment, be rest assured to experience the following benefits:

  • It strikes a perfect balance between the mind, body and soul
  • Regular yoga, meditation and breathing exercises help ease out the basal metabolic rate
  • Ayurveda is known to instill all positive vibes in the mind and body of the individual
  • The naturally occurring substances that will be used in your treatment will have more healing and soothing effects and very minor side effects
  • You will feel a different version of you after getting into a regular and consistent regime of yoga and meditation
  • The illness which made you seek the ayurvedic treatment, will eventually be gone; more so for the better!
  • It has a cure for chronic illness such as blood pressure, diabetes, kidney illness, cancer, arthritis, asthma etc; makes sure the pathogens are completely eliminated from your body.

Cost Comparisons:

A single sitting for a massage or counseling or prescribing the medications would cost you anywhere around 500 to 1000 INR. So you can make an estimate of the amount/fees you will be required to pay at multiple sittings.

Why choose India?

The concept of ayurveda was born in India about 3000 years ago and has been in practice ever since then. Thus it is the oldest form of medicine and also forms the basis for modern day medicine. Hence it would be an ideal and a total apt place for you to get your ayurvedic treatment done under the able guidance of highly knowledgeable and well read ayurvedic practitioners here in our land.

Ayurveda In Kerala:

  • Kerala is aptly termed as the land of ayurveda, since it is the only state in India where ayurveda is the mainstream medicine practice and not considered as an alternative one. 
  • What adds more to the availability and practice of ayurveda in Kerala is the abundance of forests in and around Kerala along with a pleasant monsoon climate all around the year. This adds to the already existing beauty of the state and to the medicine as well.
  • Thus medicinal herbs are perennially available and the moist climate is best suited for the potency of the herbs.
  • Kerala is a way beyond perfection as an excellent medical tourism place for ayurvedic medicine.
  • It involves various means which provide ayurvedic treatment such as rejuvenation therapy centers, yoga centers and well established ayurveda hospitals.
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