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Nagpur is a city in the state of Maharashtra, and is the largest city in central India and also the third largest city by population in the state of Maharashtra. With a population of around 2,420,000; Nagpur UA is the 13th largest urban conglomeration in India, the 114th largest city in world, and the 143rd largest urban area in world in terms of population. The city is also the seat of annual winter session of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha. Nagpur is also the major commercial and political center of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, and is also famous throughout the country as Orange City for being a major trade center of oranges The city assumes political importance from being the headquarters for the Hindu nationalist organisation RSS and an important location for the Dalit Buddhist movement. Also Mihan, Metro Rail etc.
Nagpur lies precisely at the center of the country with the Zero mile marker (indicating the geographical center of India) located here. The city was founded by Gond people but later became part of Maratha Empire under the Bhonsles. The British East India Company took over Nagpur in 19th century and made it the capital of Central Provinces and Berar. After first states reorganisation, the city lost the capital status but as per informal Nagpur Pact between political leaders; was made the second capital of Maharashtra.
Adasa is a tiny village in the district of Nagpur, a village that houses a plethora of ancient and magnificent temples. The Ganapati temple, that exists here lodges an idol of the Lord, which is a single stone, set up to facilitate easy worship for the devotees. The place lies at a distance of 45 kms from Nagpur and the latter incidentally forms the nearest place housing an airport and a railhead. Access to this place is easy with many buses plying from Nagpur, Kalmeshwar and Saoner.
Khekranala is where a beautiful dam is located. It is situated in the Khapra range forest. The land displays a fine harmony of lush greenery and fascinating surroundings along with healthy environment. Dense foliage blankets the water reservoir. Khekranala is situated at a distance of 55 kms from the main city of Nagpur.
Markanda, a small parish, located on the left bank of Vainganga river, is famous as a religious site. The land gets its name from Sage Markandeya. A cluster of temples up of temples exists here housing Shiva Linga which Markandeya is believed to have worshipped. The cluster has an approximate 24 temples... and the architecture strongly resembles that of the Khajuraho temples.
Dhapewada, lies peacefully on the banks of the Chandrabhaga river, and plays dwelling to a small temple of Vithoba. The temple was the brainchild of Umaji Aba, Diwan to Raja Baji Rao Bhonsle. This place is affectionately termed as the Pandharpur of Vidarbha. Khindsey Lake is a gorgeous water body set amidst the green stretch, placed beneath the Ramtek hill. It forms an ideal picnic spot. Eight kms from Ramtek and 60 kms from Nagpur, this lake has a variety of water sports to offer. Fascinating greens and crystal clear waters are set in the backdrop. Regular bus services are available Khindsey lake to Nagpur / Ramtek and vice-versa.
Nagardhan, a majorly prehistoric town, has been of great importance since ages. The town came into existence because of a Suryavanshi king. There are tales that mention that the real founder of this land was Nandvardhan, A king of the Shail Dynasty. The land houses a fort, supposedly built by the Bhonsles comprising of brick walls. Nagzira has a wildlife sanctuary, gifted with an abundance of wild beasts resting in natural domains that are a harmonious combination of lush greens and water bodies. The gaur is the star attraction here, along with sambar, deer, and many others from the vicious clan.
Bhadravati also called Bhandak, is a historical village covering a great span of area, and is well known as a religious place for the Jains. There are various temples here that have been well maintained and possess paved marble flooring.
Nawegaon Dam is termed as Vidarbha's most famous popular forest resort. The resort provides for a hoard of adventure sports to those who expect a thrilling experience to come their way from the place they visit. The dam was built by Kolu Patel Kohli at the start of the 18th century. A picturesque lake adorns the hub of the hill ranges. Watch towers have also been provided to catch the wildlife in action. There exists a deer park nearby called Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, along with three fascinating gardens and children's park.
Ramtek...Called so because it was graced by the holy feet of Lord Rama and Sita, his consort. The Ramnavami festival forms the grandeur of the region, but obviously at the Rama Temple that stands proudly atop a hill. The land has been mentioned as Ramgiri, in Meghdootam, one of the fascinating works of Sanskrit poet Kalidas. The Kalidas Smarak, which adorns the hill too, is worth a dekko.
Pavnar, of extreme historical importance, is strategically located in the district of Wardha on the verge of the Dham river. It forms one of the most prehistoric colonies in the district and gets its name from a renowned Rajput King by name Pawan. Of the few attractions that can be found here, are the Gandhi Kuti and the Paramdham Ashram of Vinobaji.
Sevagram, again from the Wardha district, bore the name Shegaon earlier. It is believed that this place had the honour of being the headquarters of the social service programmes that Gandhiji conducted. It gets its name thus. Sewa means service and Gram means village. There also exists a Gandhi Ashram and a Gyan Mandir.
Vidarbha Cricket Association launched its new venue at Jamtha in early November 2008. Spread over 33 acres (130,000 m2), VCA Stadium is a swanky stadium with 45000 sitting capacity, world-class training and practice facilities for the players, along with score of other facilities than one can think of. Located, 16kms. on Nagpur – Hyderabad National Highway, this piece of ultra modern sport facilitiy, by far it is the best cricket stadium in India in terms of facilities. India completed a series victory in the fourth test ensuring a perfect inaugural gift to VCA in its opening encounter against Australia at this arena.
Nagpurs Air Traffic Control (ATC) is the busiest in India, with more than 300 international flights flying over the city every day in 2004. In October 2005, Nagpurs erstwhile Sonegaon Airport was declared an international airport and was renamed Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport . Countrys first ever international cargo hub, the Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur (MIHAN) is planned on the outskirts of the city.
Due to its central location in India, the Nagpur Railway Station is an important railway junction and a transit terminal for trains that connect the country lengthwise and breadthwise, especially trains connecting Indias major metropolises, Mumbai to Howrah-Kolkata, Delhi and Jammu to Chennai, Hydrabad, Bangalore and Kanyakumari in the South, as well as western cities such as Pune and Ahemedabad. The city is the Divisional Head Quarters for the Central Railway and South East Central Railway Zone of Indian Railways.
Nagpur is also a major junction for roadways as Indias two major national highways, Kanyakumari-Varanasi (NH 7) and Hajira-Kolkata (NH-6), passing through the city.One more highway number 69 connect Nagpur to Obaidullaganj near Bhopal. Nagpur is at the junction of two Asian Highways namely AH43 Agra to Matara, Sri Lanka and AH46 connecting Kharagpur, India to Dhule, India. Auto rickshaws operate in most parts of Nagpur and are the main form of hired transport within the city. The new national highway is being built between Nagpur and Mumbai, alternative to the existing NH 6. This new Nagpur-Aurangabad-Mumbai express highway is build on the national highway basis, though being the state highway, entirely inside the state of Maharashtra. This highway will be a major boost to the under developed regions of Vidarbha and Marathwada in Maharashtra state.
As it is located at centre of Indian peninsula far from Bay of Bengal and Arabian sea, Nagpur has a tropical wet and dry climate with dry conditions prevailing for most of the year. Nagpur city receives an annual rainfall of 1,205 mm (47.44 in) from monsoon rains during June to September. Summers are hot lasting from March to June, with maximum temperatures occurring in May. Winter lasts from November to January, during which temperatures can drop below 10C (50.F) .
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