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Hyderabad is the capital and the most populous city of the South Indian State of Telangana It is known as the "City of Pearls “and the "City of Nizams.” Hyderabad city proper has a population of over 4 million. The twin cities Hyderabad and Secunderabad are collectively known just as Hyderabad outside the state and together they form the sixth largest metropolis in India, with 6.38 million. The city has been classified as an A-1 city in terms of development priorities, due to its size, population and impact.
Hyderabad has developed into a major hub for the information technology industry in India. It is the capital of bio technology and pharmaceutics of the country. The city is home to the worlds largest film studio, the Ramoji Film City as well as the Telugu Film Industry, the second-largest in India, known locally as Tollywood. It is also a sporting destination with numerous sporting venues and stadia. Various national and international games are conducted here, and the city is the home of the Deccan Chargers, an Indian Premier League team.
The temple, built on a hillock called Kala Pahad, one of the Naubat Pahad twins, lords over its equally celebrated surroundings comprising the imposing Secretariat buildings, the azure-blue waters of Hussain Sagar, the serene and halcyon Lumbini Park, the luxurious Public Gardens dominated by the Asafjahi-style Legislative Assembly complex and the Reserve Bank of India. From the highest level of the temple, the spectacle around is breath-taking.
Charminar is always on the top of the mind of any tourist visiting Hyderabad. To say that Charminar is a major landmark in the city is to state the obvious, to repeat a cliché. Built by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah in 1591, shortly after he had shifted his capital from Golkonda to what now is known as Hyderabad, this beautiful colossus in granite, lime, mortar and, some say, pulverised marble, was at one time the heart of the city.
Built in several phases by the Nizams between 1857-1869, this is now one of the heritage buildings. The complex comprises four palaces in Moghal and European styles, of which the main palace is double storeyed with the others being single-storeyed blocks. Located near Charminar - Himmatpura.
Golconda is one of the famous forts of India. The name originates from the Telugu words Golla Konda meaning Shepherds Hills. The origins of the fort can be traced back to the Yadava dynasty of Deogiri and the Kakatiyas of Warangal. Golconda was originally a mud fort, which passed to the Bahmani dynasty and later to the Qutb Shahis, who held it from 1518 to 1687 A.D. The first three Qutb Shahi kings rebuilt Golconda, over a span of 62 years.
These stately domes form an umbrella over the tombs underneath which rest the majestic kings of the Qutub Shahi dynasty in peace. The tombs, which have been silent spectators to the many developments in Hyderabad over four centuries, are open to visitors on all days except Fridays
One of the modern monuments of trade and technology, it embodies the newfound attitude of Hyderabad and today finds a place of pride. Situated on the outskirts of the city, it is the nucleus of Cyberabad, the IT destination in this part of the world. Cyber Towers is the main building here.
Since 1991, Ramoji Film City has been alluring tourists from every corner of the country. One of the largest film studios in the world it has the capacity to house almost 50 film units within a given point of time. It is also listed in Guinness Book of World Records as well. Spread over 2500 acres, it is situated about 30 km away from Hyderabad. Its brilliant architecture and sound technical facilities make it suitable for all the pre and post production of a film.
Address: Ramoji Film City Main Road, Anaspur Village, Hayathnagar Mandal, Hyderabad, Telangana 501512
Parent organization: Ramoji Group
Founder: Ramoji Rao
KBR National Park is one of the most popular and one of the largest parks of Hyderabad. With a rich flora and fauna, it offers lush green setting and a refreshing environment for the visitors to spend some relaxing moments.
This national park boasts of having more than 100 species of birds, 20 species of reptiles and 15 species of butterflies. You can experience its natural beauty by having a walk in the park. People also visit it to sit amidst its rich flora.
A craft village, Shilparamam is one of the popular tourist spots of Hyderabad. Spread over 50 acres, is a popular shopping destination with artisans from all over India showcasing their best products.
Handmade artifacts, hand woven, traditional clothes and traditional jewelry often lure visitors. It has many captivating sections such as Crafts Museum, Cultural Museum, Art Gallery & Library, Multi-purpose Auditorium, as well as Workshops and Research & Design Centers.
There has been an unprecedented increase in the number of passengers leading to increased air traffic. The Airport at Begumpet was unable to cope up with the situation and was shut down on 2008-03-22. The new Rajiv Gandhi International Airport was opened in March 2008 by Sonia Gandhi at Shamshabad, southwest of the city. The airport has the longest runway in India and caters to the high passenger and cargo volumes it experiences. There are flights to many destinations, both domestic and international from this airport.
The PV Narasimha Rao Expressway was constructed at an elevated level from Mehdipatnam to Rajendranagar along with an underpass and trumpet interchange for providing dedicated high speed travel to the airport. It is the longest flyover in India. There are three wide roads leading to the new airport from the city and modern taxis and buses can shuttle passengers between the city and the airport. The Nehru Outer Ring Road serves as an expressway between Gachibowli and Shamshabad.
Railways were first introduced in the city in the year 1869 with the commencement of Secunderabad Wadi line of Nizams Guaranteed State Railway. Secunderabad Railway Station is the headquarters of the South Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways and is the largest railway station serving Hyderabad. The other major railway stations serving the city are Hyderabad Deccan Station (Nampally) and Kachiguda Railway Station. These stations provide connectivity within the city and the rest of the country.
Hyderabad has a light rail transportation system known as the MultiModal Transport System (MMTS) which offers connectivity between rail and road transport for the facility of the commuters. MMTS provides connectivity to most of the major parts of the city, and is a suitable alternative for those who want to avoid road traffic.Hyderabad Metro is the proposed rapid transit for the city. The deadline of the bidding process has been delayed consistently.
Hyderabad is connected to the rest of the country by National Highways NH-7, NH-9 and NH-202. Hyderabad is also well connected to the remaining parts of the state. Like other cities, Hyderabad suffers from traffic congestion. Completion of the Inner Ring Road and construction of the Outer Ring Road encircling Hyderabad city is also underway and is touted to make travel in the city easier. Many flyovers and underpasses are also being constructed to ease traffic congestion in the city.
Hyderabad has a tropical savanna climate with hot summers from late February to early June, the monsoon season from late June to early October and a pleasant winter from late October to early February. In the evenings and mornings the climate is generally cooler because of the citys good elevation. Hyderabad gets about 32 inches (about 810 mm) of rain every year, almost all of it concentrated in the monsoon months. The highest maximum (day) temperature ever recorded was 45.5 o C (113.9 F) on 2 June 1966, while the lowest minimum (night) recorded temperature was 6.1o C (43 F) on 8 January 1946
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