Endocrinology and Diabetes


Best Endocrinology Hospital in India


Endocrinology and Diabetes 

Endocrinology is the study of medicine that relates to the endocrine system, which is the system that controls hormones. It basically is diagnosis and treatment of hormone related diseases.  In each of these situations, the result is a disease that impacts the body and its overall function and well-being.Endocrinology focuses both on the hormones and the many glands and tissues that produce them.

What is the Endocrine System?

The endocrine system is a series of glands that produce and secrete hormones that the body uses for a wide range of functions. These control many different bodily functions, including:

  • Respiration
  • Metabolism
  • Reproduction
  • Sensory perception
  • Movement
  • Sexual development
  • Growth

Hormones are produced by glands and sent into the bloodstream to the various tissues in the body. They send signals to those tissues to tell them what they are supposed to do. When the glands do not produce the right amount of hormones, diseases develop that can affect many aspects of life.

Types of Endocrine Diseases

Endocrinology is focused on the care and treatment of endocrine diseases. These fall into three categories, which are:

  • Tumors: Tumors in the glands, whether cancerous or benign, can cause hormone balance problems.
  • Gland hypersecretion: Occurs when a gland secretes too much of the hormone it is designed to create.
  • Gland hyposecretion: Diseases caused when the body has a deficiency of a certain hormone due to the glands secreting too little of it.

In each of these situations, the result is a disease that impacts the body and its overall function and well-being.

Fast facts on endocrinology

  • Endocrinology involves a wide range of systems within the human body.
  • The endocrine tissues include the adrenal gland, hypothalamus, ovaries, and testes.
  • There are three broad groups of endocrine disorders.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrine disorder in women.

An endocrinologist is a doctor who has studied the endocrine system and its diseases. These doctors know how to diagnose the diseases of the endocrine glands, and also how to treat them. Because these doctors specialize in these conditions, which can be complex and have hard-to-spot symptoms, an endocrinologist is your best advocate when dealing with hormonal issues.An endocrinologist aims to restore hormone balance within the body's systems.

Endocrinologists commonly treat the following conditions:

  • Diabetes
  • Osteoporosis
  • Menopause
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Thyroid diseases
  • Excessive or insufficient production of hormones
  • Short stature
  • Infertility
     



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