Best Eye Treatment Hospitals in India


Indian connection with Ophthalmology is more than 1000 years old. Sushruta is an Indian surgeon who wrote Sushruta Samhita in Sanskrit in about 800 BC which describes 76 ocular diseases (of these 51 surgical) as well as several ophthalmological surgical instruments and techniques. His description of cataract surgery as more akin to extra capsular lens extraction than to couching. He has been described as the first cataract surgeon.Ophthalmology is the medicine speciality that deals with anatomy, physiology and diseases of he eyeball and orbit.

Ophthalmology is a wide branch of medicine which includes many subspecialties, among which are

  • Anterior segment surgery
  • Retinal ophthalmology, which emphasises such things as laser treatment of the retina and actual retinal surgery 
  • Cataracts 
  • Cornia
  • Glaucoma
  • Medical retina ( deals with treatment of retinal problems through non-surgical means )
  • Neuro - ophthalmology
  • Ocular Oncology
  • Oculoplastics and orbit Surgery
  • Ophthalmic pathology
  • Paediatric ophthalmology/ strabismus ( Misalignment of the eyes )
  • Refractive surgery
  • Uveitis
  • Immunology
  • Vitro - retinal surgery, deals with surgical management of retinal and posterior segment diseases and disorders. Medical retina and vitreo-retinal surgery sometimes together called posterior segment subspecialisation

Choosing an Eye doctor

There is an Optometrist and Ophthalmologist. The difference between them is essential to understand, as both have different qualification and purposes.

Optometrist - An optometrist is an eye doctor who has earned the Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree. Optometrists examine eyes for both vision and health problems, and correct reflective by prescribing eyeglasses and contact lenses. Some optometrists also provide low vision care and vision therapy.Optometrists also may participate in your pre- and post-operative care if you have eye surgery performed by an ophthalmologist.

Ophthalmologist - An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor (MD) or a doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) who specialises in eye and vision care. Ophthalmologists are trained to perform eye exams,  diagnose and treat disease, prescribe medications and perform eye surgery. They also write prescriptions for eyeglasses and contact lenses.

Which Eye Doctor Should I See: An Optometrist Or An Ophthalmologist?

If your eyes are healthy and don't require specialised medical or surgical treatment, the type of eye doctor you choose for a routine eye exam is a matter of personal preference.Optometrists and ophthalmologists both perform routine eye exams and both types of eye doctors are trained to detect, diagnose and manage eye diseases that require medical and non-medical treatment.

If you already have a medical eye problem — such as glaucoma and macular degeneration or cataracts— it is important to seek care from an eye doctor who is highly trained and skilled in monitoring and treating your condition. In many cases, this may mean that medical or surgical eye care by a specially trained ophthalmologist is in order. In such cases, your optometrist (or general ophthalmologist) may refer you to a colleague who is a specialist in treating your condition.Most optometrists offer medical treatment for common eye problems (such as dry eyes and eye infections ) and certain chronic eye diseases (such as glaucoma). But certain eye disorders require treatment by an ophthalmologist, particularly if surgery or other specialty care is needed.

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