Oncology


Medical Oncology Treatment in India


Oncology

Oncology is a medical speciality that deals with prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer.The word “onco” means bulk, mass, or tumor while “-logy” means study.

What is Cancer

Each of the cells of the body have a tightly regulated system that controls their growth, maturity, reproduction and eventual death. Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control. There are many kinds of cancer, but they all start because of out-of-control growth of abnormal cells.

The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation.

    •    Medical oncology: focuses on treatment of cancer with chemotherapy, targeted therapy immunotherapy and hormonal therapy.
    •    Surgical Oncology : focuses on treatment of cancer with surgery
    •    Radiation Oncology : focuses on treatment of cancer with radiation.

Sub-specialties in Oncology:

  •   Neuro-oncology: focuses on cancers of brain.
  •   Ocular oncology: focuses on cancers of eye
  •   Head & Neck oncology: focuses on cancers of oral cavity, nasal cavity, oropharynx, hypopharyx and larynx
  •   Thoracic oncology: focuses on cancers of lung, mediastinum, oesophagus and pleura.
  •   Breast oncology: focuses on cancers of breast
  •   Gastrointestinal oncology: focuses on cancers of stomach, colon, rectum, anal canal, liver, gallbladder, pancreas.
  •   Bone & Musculoskeletal oncology: focuses on cancers of bones and soft tissue.
  •   Genitourinary oncology: focuses on cancers of genital and urinary system.
  •   Gynecologic Oncology : focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system.
  •   Pedriatic Oncology : concerned with the treatment of cancer in children.
  •   Hemato oncology: focuses on cancers of blood and stem cell transplantation
  •   Preventive oncology: focuses on epidemiology & prevention of cancer.
  •   Geriatric oncology: focuses on cancers in elderly population.
  •   Pain & Palliative oncology: focuses on treatment of end stage cancer to alleviate the suffering.
  •   Molecular oncology: focuses on molecular diagnostic methods in oncology.
  •   Nuclear medicine oncology: focuses on diagnosis and treatment of cancer with radiopharmaceuticals.
  •  Psycho-oncology: focuses on psychosocial issues on diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients.
  •  Veterinary oncology: focuses on treatment of cancer in animals.

Oncopathology: A specialty of pathology that focuses on the histopathological diagnosis of cancer.As a significant portion of all general pathology practice is concerned with cancer the practice of oncology is deeply tied to, and dependent upon, the work of both anatomical and clinical pathologists.



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